Welcome to Ap European History!


The study of European History since 1450 introduce students to cultural, economic, political, and social developments that played a fundamental role in shaping the world in which they live. This will give them the context for understanding the development of contemporary institutions, the role of continuity and change in present-day society and politics, and the evolution of current forms of artistic expression and intellectual discourse. 

Our topic outlines will be defined within three major themes that will underline the areas of studies for this course:
·      Intellectual and Cultural History
·      Political and Diplomatic History
·      Social and Economic History

The course is divided into four quarters. Each quarter consists of four units.
I use items and essay prompts from released AP Exams as well as original items and prompts. In each quarter students write one DBQ and one Quarter Paper.


·      Sherman, Dennis, ed. Western Civilization: Sources, Images, and Interpretation, from the Renaissance to the Present. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1995.

·      Princeton Review’s AP European History prep guide (Recommended)

Students are expected to complete all reading assignments critically and with an active mind. If students purchase a photocopied version of the texts, they are encouraged to take notes in the margins as they complete the assigned readings.

                        Essays and Projects     15%
                       Tests                            30%    
                        Quizzes                       20%
                       Class Work                 20%
                       HW                               5%
                       PPRR                          10%
Academic honesty:

Plagiarism and cheating are considered major violations of school rules. Students are expected to present work that is their own, and to cite references and sources when appropriate. Presenting another's work may result in dismissal. Incidents of plagiarism and cheating will be referred to the Assistant Head of the School. Students will also receive a 0 for the assignment/quiz/test in question. Students may not work together on homework outlines or document analyses. On papers, when in doubt: CITE YOUR SOURCE. Of course, students may study for tests and quizzes together.


                                                   QUARTER 1

Unit 1: End of Feudalism and Renaissance  
  Generic attributes of feudalism: agriculture, guilds, kings versus nobles,
kings versus popes, popes versus cardinals
  Generic description of the Renaissance: social and economic aspects
  Compare and contrast: Renaissance in the south versus Renaissance
in the north.
  Individualism and humanism
  Why does it happen in Italy first?
  Burckhardt Thesis
  Kelly Thesis
  Heavy hitters in art, architecture, literature, and science
In what ways was the Renaissance more secular?
What was new and what was "reborn" in the Renaissance?

Unit 2: Reformation and New Monarchies  
  Compare and contrast the New Monarchies in England, France and Spain.
  Foreign and domestic policy in England, France, and Spain
  Causes of the Reformation (religious and political especially)
  Political, diplomatic, and social consequences of Reformation
  English Reformation
  Political and religious consequences of Reformation
  Doctrines of Luther and Calvin compared to the Roman Catholic Church
  Catholic Reformation and Council of Trent
  Peace of Augsburg

Unit 3: Opening of the Atlantic, Rise of the World Economy,
             Rise and Fall of Habsburg Power, French Wars of Religion

  Political and economic and technological causes for exploration of the
New World
  Golden Age of Spain
  Commercial Revolution, bullionism, mercantilism
  Reasons for the decline of Spain: economic, social, and political
  Revolt of the Netherlands
  Causes and effects of the 30 Years War: diplomatic, social, economic, and
  How important was religion as a cause of the 30 Years War?
  Richelieu and Balance of Power
  Stages of the 30 Years War
  Politiques (Bodin)
  Weber Thesis
  Progress and Resolution of the French Wars of Religion: Catherine de
Medici, St. Bart's Day, Coligny, Henry IV, Edict of Nantes)
  Peace of Westphalia

Unit 4: Tudor/Stuart England: The Rise of Constitutionalism
             and the Age of Louis XIV: The Success and Failure of

  Political, social, and economic problems of James I and Charles I
  Oliver Cromwell and English Civil War
  Domestic and foreign policy in Stuart Restoration
  Glorious Revolution
  Changes in religious toleration in England
  Movement towards constitutionalism in England
  Definition and examples of absolutism under Louis XIV
  Ideology of Absolutism, James I, and Bossuet
  Louis XIV's domestic policy
  Wars of Louis XIV
  Role of Mazarin, the Fronde, and the nobles
  Social and economic problems of Louis XIV
  War of Spanish Succession, role of William III, and Treaty of Utrecht

                                              QUARTER 2

Unit 5: England and France in the 18th Century plus Prussia,
Russia and Austria  

  Peter the Great, reforms from above, and westernization
  Partitions of Poland. Rise of Prussia
  Rise of Prussia from the Great Elector to Frederick the Great
  Multi-national character of Habsburg lands and the attendant problems
  Special economic and social characteristics of Eastern Europe
  English and French domestic and foreign policy after Utrecht
  Seven Years War and Consequences
  Evolution of the World Economy in the 18th Century

Unit 6: Scientific Revolution plus Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau

  Causes of Scientific Revolution
  What was revolutionary about the Scientific Revolution?
  Political, military, economic and religious implications of the Scientific
  Important people and ideas of the Scientific Revolution
  Compare and contrast Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau

Unit 7: Enlightenment and Enlightened Despots

  Define the Enlightenment/Age of Reason
  Economic and Demographic changes in the 18th century
  Philosophers: who were they and what did they say?
  New ideas in political and social theory
  New economic theories, end of mercantilism, laissez-faire, Adam Smith
  Enlightened Despots: Catherine the Great, Frederick the Great, Maria
        Theresa, Joseph II, Louis XV and Louis XVI. Who was? Who wasn't?
        Why? Compare and contrast Enlightened Despots, Despots Manqués and Despot

Unit 8: French Revolution

  Distant, Intermediate and Immediate Causes (social, economic, and
  Brinton Theory of Revolutions
  French society before the Revolution
  Causes, Chronology and Periodization
  Legislation in each period
  Committee on Public Safety and Reign of Terror
  Enduring consequences of the Revolution
  Rise of Napoleon: causes and consequences
  Napoleon's foreign and domestic policy
  Birth of nationalism
  Congress of Vienna

                                  END OF SEMESTER ONE

                                                 QUARTER  3

Unit 9: Liberalism, Nationalism, and the Industrial Revolution 1760-1850
  Industrial Revolution: causes and development
  Inventions and inventors
  Development of Capitalism
  Riccardo and Malthus
  Utopian Socialists
  Liberalism and how it changed over the course of the 19th century. John
Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham
  Suffrage Reform, Corn Laws and Chartist movement
  Labor and factory legislation
  Effects of Industrial Revolution, historiography of optimists and

Unit 10: Romanticism and Reaction and Marxism 1815-1871

  Age of Metternich
  Romantic art movement
  Political and social upheaval in France 1815-1852
  Social and Political Republicans
  Revolutions of 1848, especially in Prussia and Austria
  Frankfort Assembly
  Rule of Napoleon III and his domestic and foreign policies
  Jews: from emancipation to anti-Semitism

Unit 11: England, France, and Germany: Domestic and
               Foreign (plus unification of Italy and guest appearance by

  Cavour, Garibaldi and the unification of Italy
  Realpolitik and its art movement, Realism
  Bismarck and the unification of Germany
  Bismarck's domestic policy, especially re: suffrage, kulturkampf, and socialism
  Bismarck's foreign policy before and after 1871
  New forms of socialism in England, France, and Germany/Relationship of
feminism and socialism
  Increase in suffrage and social programs in England
  Cultural relativism and other cultural and intellectual changes in the late
19th century: science, psychology, anthropology, Freud
  Franco-Prussian War, Paris Commune, and formation of the Third Republic
  Social and political changes in Russia 1848-1881
  Social and cultural changes in England, France, and Germany from
1871-1914: Belle Epoque, Fin de Siecle, bras and bicycles
  History of feminism/Arguments for woman suffrage
  Compare and contrast the women's movements of England, France, and
  Class differences in the women's movement

Unit 12: Imperialism and World War I

  Alliance Systems
  Arms Race
  Scramble for Africa and other imperialist rivalries
  Russo Japanese War
  Role of nationalism in provoking the war, especially in the Balkans
  Economics of the "New Imperialism" and how it was different from the
old imperialism
  Goals and expectations of each combatant in 1914 (also Schlieffen Plan
and Plan 17)
  Goals and expectations of U.S.A., Woody's War Wishes, self-
determination, 14 Points
  How the war was fought and won: home front, social and economic events
  Relative importance of the different causes of the war
  Versailles Treaty
  Consequences of the Versailles Treaty (also evaluation of Versailles Treaty)
  What happened to Russia in the war
  Historiography of origins of the war

                                                        QUARTER 4

Unit 13: Russia 1881-1939  
  Domestic policy of Alexander III
  Agricultural and industrial conditions in Russia
  Russo-Japanese War and Revolution of 1905
  Stolypin's Reforms and other responses to Revolution of 1905
  Role of Intelligentsia
  Different radical groups and their competing ideologies
  Events leading up to February (or March) and October (or November)
Revolution of 1917
  How Lenin and the Bolsheviks take control
  Lenin's domestic and foreign policies, including "war Communism"
and NEP Succession of Stalin, and Stalin's domestic policies (toward
nationalities, collective agriculture, kulaks, factories)
  How Stalin consolidated his position as dictator, and his fight with
  The purges of the 1930s
  Stalin's foreign and domestic policies/The Five Year Plans
  Lenin and Stalin: in what ways were they good Marxists? In what ways
were they not?

Unit 14: World Between the War  and World War II

     •  Why were England and France less susceptible to totalitarianism than
Italy and Germany?
  How did Germany recover from defeat in World War I?
  When, if ever, could Hitler have been stopped?
  Diplomatic "Countdown to Catastrophe"
  World Economy in the Interwar Period
  Role of the Great Depression in leading up to the war
  Role of the Versailles Treaty in leading up to the war
  Events leading up to the outbreak of World War II. Taylor Thesis
  How the war was fought and won
  Compare and contrast the origins of World War I with the origins of
World War II.
  Peace settlements after World War IIcompare and contrast to World
War I.

Unit 15: Postwar International and Domestic Politics and Changes in the 
              World Economy

  Causes and course of the Cold War: Origins of the Cold War, Truman
Doctrine, Marshall Plan, United Nations, atomic arms race, policy of
  Military conflicts in the Cold War
  Compare and Contrast U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. for domestic and foreign
issues 1945-1991
  Moves toward European economic unity. Rise of the EU.
  Individual economic recoveries of England, France, and Germany.
Compare and contrast English, French, and German domestic issues.
  Nature of Eastern European societies
  French politics in the 4th and 5th Republics, including role of de Gaulle
  Dismantling of colonialism by England and France
  Efforts to oppose Russian domination in Eastern and Central Europe
(especially Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia)
  Social and economic policy in Britain, France, and Germany
  Khrushchev's "de-Stalinization" policy
  Russia under Brezhnev and Gorbachev
  The collapse of the Soviet Union/rise of nationalism in Russia and Eastern
  The unification of Germany
  The world economy from 1945-2001

Unit 16: 20th century culture, demography, and stuff

  20th century art, postmodernism
  Youth movement of the '60s
  Racism, demographic changes, and problems with minority groups
  The Green Movement and other environmentalists
  Literature, music, theatre and movies, postmodernism, deconstructionism   The Women's movement, and changes in women's roles in society, politics,
and the economy